The hype was big around the autonomous driving. A few years ago it seemed to be only a matter of time, would roll up driverless cars on the roads. 2025 will be ready, said former Opel boss Karl-Thomas Neumann, of which he is convinced.
Meanwhile, it is at least in the public perception become quiet around Boxcar. Other issues concern the discussions, especially the CO2 problem and the transition to electric mobility. In addition, serious accidents’ suspicion of fomenting — so in March 2018 than in the US state of Arizona, the Artificial Intelligence (AI) proved a test vehicle of Mitfahrdienstes About fatal unintelligent and overlooked a cyclist; the driver of the Volvo XC90 had looked on their smartphone a movie. The autopilot function seemed irritated a Tesla from the blue light of a patrol car or in March 2021 than in Michigan and five police officers were injured.
distrust of the art
According pronounced skepticism about self-driving cars. Through a survey of the platform mobile.DE gave 56 percent of respondents said they tend not to trust or not at all, the autonomous technology.
Autonomous shuttle: Also suppliers such as OF work on the electrically self-propelled car. Ampnet / IF
Nevertheless, the topic lives. In summer, the Federal Government has created a regulatory framework with the Law on Autonomous Driving. And the technology is further developed: on the one hand by the US IT giants like Google sister Waymo or Amazon — the Group at the start-up Plus ordered at least 1,000 systems for automation of trucks and located just a purchase option for the company self-assured. On the other hand, by the automobile manufacturers. So currently made the news headlines that Mercedes has received from the Federal Motor Vehicle Office as the world’s first carmaker type approved for highly automated driving on Level 3rd
Five levels up to autonomous driving
To understand what this means, the steps are outlined briefly back to autonomous driving:
Level 1 (assisted driving) is — as lane departure warning or adaptive cruise control — in many models already common practice.
Level 2 (partially automated driving) leaves the software for a few seconds in command, then the driver must be active again.
Level 3 (highly automated driving) marks the biggest leap — the driver is allowed to do other things, but must always be able to intervene.
Level 4 (fully automated driving) means that the vehicle takes over permanently, the liability shifts to the manufacturer.
Level 5 says that man is just a passenger, the vehicle does not require a steering wheel even pedals.
The now granted Level 3 release refers to the so-called Drive Pilot from Mercedes. This is an automatic tracking system that gets into the Mercedes S-Class and soon also in pure electric high-end model EQS used. However, the use is for the time being allowed h only motorway-like roads and up to a speed of 60 km /, so what makes the driver respectively the driver mainly in traffic. Accelerated here, brakes and steers the car automatically, the pilot or the pilot can follow while driving foreign activities — read a book about or surf the Internet. Insert a nap, however, is not because there must always exist a willingness to take over the control when prompted.
First deliveries of S-class models, the pilot system drive are equipped with, are planned for the first half of the 2022nd The new approval was an important first step on the road to automation, says KBA president Richard Dame.
Robot: Six and Mobileye plan the implementation from next year. Six
To self-propelled machines are especially autonomous taxis as they are being tested in Asia and in the US long detail. In Germany there are also pilot projects, such as the autonomous shuttle in the Lower Bavarian town of Bad Bernbach, which is however still under the control of a human driver, who can intervene in an emergency.
Robo-Taxi for Munich
So it will be with the Robot service that wants to tackle the car rental company Six in the coming year together Mobileye, the Israeli Automotive subsidiary of Intel. First, a trial run in Munich is to concretely which in turn are equipped with LIDAR sensors, several cameras and radar sensors for the new task with seven-seat vehicles the Chinese manufacturer NIO. Passengers should be able to book the service via smartphone, using either the Movie app from Intel and via the app the Six Mobilitätsplattorm One.
electric Bull as a self-drive
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, in turn, wants to send off 2025 self-propelled minibuses on Hamburg’s streets. It does not only focus on a taxi-like ride hailing service such as Six, but also on ride pooling, in which the passengers come together in a kind of collecting taxi. As a means of transport, the future electrical Bull ID. Buzz; The technology company Argo Al controls the autonomous driving system, the driving service MIA — a VW subsidiary, with which you could already collect first experiences in Hamburg and Hanover — the Ridiculing service.
Equipped for autonomous driving: the electric VW ID. Buzz. Manufacturer
The direction of travel is clear: Before private Robot cars are traveling, commercial business models should first be established. Whether the autonomous (collective) taxis can actually relieve the inner-city traffic, but controversial is discussed. For example, PTV — a software company belonging to the Porsche Automobile Holding has performed various simulation calculations. It has come to a result that the largest traffic decline would then adjust if today’s public transport users remain faithful to buses and tracks, but by changing motorists to autonomous ride sharing. However, it could happen that this ideal case does not happen and also change the public transport passengers. If you did that closed, according to the calculation, an increase in traffic revenue could be expected by 97 percent. This may be accompanied by more traffic jams and stalling traffic, because the self-driving technique forces the Robot cars to be particularly careful and rule-conformer driving style as well as to comply with a large safety distance to the fore.
Advantage for the driving service providers
Only the benefits for the driving service provider itself and also explain their great interest in the autonomous car: the waiver of the then superfluous driving personnel brought them a significant cost savings.